Skip the header
No access
Chapter
4 December 2019

Review of studies of composition, toxicology and human health impacts of wastewater from unconventional oil and gas development from shale.

Abstract

Unconventional oil and gas (UOG) extraction has produced large economic benefits. However, prudent management of UOG wastes necessitates a thorough understanding of the complex composition, fate and potential impacts of wastewater releases. UOG production results in large volumes of wastewater. Despite limited reuse of the wastewater, the majority needs to be disposed of, usually by underground injection. The wastewater contains myriad organic, inorganic and radioactive substances from hydraulic fracturing and production activities or from the (typically shale) formation. Many substances in this wastewater are either proprietary, or are known or potential toxicants. Limited toxicological studies of these mixtures suggest that some of the components are highly toxic. Thus, any releases of untreated wastewater may represent a threat to environmental integrity and human health.

Get full access to this article

View all available purchase options and get full access to this chapter.

Information & Authors

Information

Published In

Pages: 334 - 350
Editor: J. P. F. D'Mello [email protected], US Geological Survey Reston Virginia USA
ISBN (ePDF): 978-1-78639-468-2
ISBN (ePub): 978-1-78639-469-9
ISBN (Hardback): 978-1-78639-467-5

History

Published online: 4 December 2019
Cover date: 2020

Language

English

Authors

Affiliations

L. M. Crosby [email protected]
US Geological Survey Reston Virginia USA

Metrics & Citations

Metrics

VIEW ALL METRICS

SCITE_

Citations

Export citation

Select the format you want to export the citations of this publication.

EXPORT CITATIONS

View Options

Get Access

Login Options

Restore your content access

Enter your email address to restore your content access:

Note: This functionality works only for purchases done as a guest. If you already have an account, log in to access the content to which you are entitled.

View options

PDF

View PDF

Media

Figures

Other

Tables

Share

Share

Copy the content Link

Share on social media

Related Articles

Skip the navigation