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Review Article
9 April 2008

Effect of pre-harvest and post-harvest conditions and treatments on plum fruit quality.

Abstract

Plums belong to the Rosaceae family and include the European species (Prunus domestica L.), which is consumed fresh or dried, and the Japanese species (Prunus salicina Lindell), mainly freshly consumed. Plums are considered climacteric, although some plum cultivars do not show the typical increase in ethylene production and respiration until late ripening. They respond to exogenous ethylene, which is a key ripening regulator, while treatments with 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP), an ethylene action inhibitor, are effective in delaying fruit ripening. Plum fruit is characterized by high softening rate and, so far, the sequence of events leading to cell wall degradation, as well as changes in the proteins responsible for these modifications, has not been thoroughly investigated. Post-harvest diseases (brown rot, grey mould and Rhizopous rot) are also a main concern in plum post-harvest handling and storage. Prompt cooling and low-temperature storage (0°C) are recommended to delay ripening and maintain plum fruit quality. However, when the fruit is held for long periods at low temperature, chilling injury (CI) symptoms, usually manifested as translucency, bleeding, flesh browning and/or failure to ripen, might develop. Although softening can be delayed by controlled and modified atmospheres, this technology is not widely used commercially, since the benefits are not as pronounced as in other fruit species. Other post-harvest strategies tested to date with apparent usefulness at a laboratory scale include heat treatment, ozone, polyamine and calcium treatments, as well as fumigation with environmentally friendly compounds; such strategies might be useful under particular circumstances to complement other post-harvest treatments. Pre-harvest treatments, such as application of synthetic auxins and calcium, regulation of canopy light conditions and orchard soil management, have been reported to affect plum fruit quality and its post-harvest behaviour. Overall, the present review discusses the influence of field and post-harvest practices on plum fruit quality and market life.

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Information & Authors

Information

Published In

2008
Pages: 10 pp.

History

Issue publication date: 1 January 2008
Published online: 9 April 2008

Keywords

  1. 3100-04-7
  2. 74-85-1

Language

English

Authors

Affiliations

Department of Environmental Agronomy and Crop Science, University of Padova, Viale dell'Università, 16-Agripolis, I-35020 Legnaro (Padova), Italy.

Notes

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Correspondence: Email: [email protected]

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Citing Literature

  • Hasat Sonrası UV-C Uygulamalarının Angeleno Erik Çeşidinde Muhafaza Süresince Meyve Kalitesine EtkileriEffects of Postharvest UV-C Treatment on Fruit Quality in Plum cv. Angeleno during Storage, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi, 10.18016/ksutarimdoga.vi.1122965, 26, 4, (732-742), (2023).
  • Effects of Plant Growth Regulators on Plum (Prunus domestica L.) Grown on Two Rootstocks at Harvest and at the Postharvest Period, Horticulturae, 10.3390/horticulturae8070621, 8, 7, (621), (2022).
  • Classification of Prunus Genus by Botanical Origin and Harvest Year Based on Carbohydrates Profile, Foods, 10.3390/foods11182838, 11, 18, (2838), (2022).
  • Investigating losses occurring during shipment: forensic aspects of cargo claims, Postharvest Handling, 10.1016/B978-0-12-822845-6.00016-6, (469-484), (2022).
  • Physiological state of plants and quality of plum fruits grafted on the rootstocks of various strength of growth depending on the plant nutrition mode, Potravinarstvo Slovak Journal of Food Sciences, 10.5219/1469, 14, (1075-1087), (2020).
  • Improvement of Postharvest Quality of Plum (Prunus domestica L.) Using Polysaccharide-Based Edible Coatings, Plants, 10.3390/plants9091148, 9, 9, (1148), (2020).
  • Pectin-based edible coating preserves antioxidative capacity of plum fruit during shelf life, Food Science and Technology International, 10.1177/1082013220916559, 26, 7, (583-592), (2020).
  • Prunus domestica (plum), CABI Compendium, 10.1079/cabicompendium.44278, CABI Compendium, (2019).
  • Influence of pre-harvest sprays of calcium nitrate on storability and quality attributes of plum fruits, Journal of Food Science and Technology, 10.1007/s13197-019-03621-z, 56, 3, (1427-1437), (2019).
  • Influence of ripening on the ethylene and carbon dioxide production during storage of plum fruits, Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 10.11118/actaun201260080133, 60, 8, (133-140), (2013).

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